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Treatment and outcome of intestinal perforation after liver transplant surgery in adults: a single-center experience

Authors Lin J, Wang J, Yue P, Zhang X, Lang R, Wang Y, Cui C, He Q

Received 15 March 2017

Accepted for publication 26 April 2017

Published 31 May 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 675—678

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S137161

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Hoa Le

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang

Jianyu Lin,1,* Jing Wang,2,* Peng Yue,3 Xingmao Zhang,4 Ren Lang,4 Yuan Wang,4 Chen Cui,4 Qiang He4

1Integrated Department, 2Patient Service Center, The Affiliated Hospital to Capital Medical University, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, 3School of Nursing, Department of Basic Nursing, Capital Medical University, 4Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital to Capital Medical University, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objective: Intestinal perforation is a rare complication after liver transplantation. This study was designed to calculate the incidence and investigate the outcomes of intestinal perforation in adult liver transplant patients.
Materials and methods: The clinical records of liver transplant recipients between January 2014 and June 2016 were obtained. The incidence of intestinal perforation was calculated, and high risk factors were analyzed.
Results: The mean operative time was 8.5 h (range: 6–11 h). The mean portal vein occlusion time was 66.5 min (range: 58–72 min), and the mean cold ischemia time was 7.9 h (range: 6.5–9.5 h). Four (2.7%) patients developed intestinal perforation from 9 to 14 days postliver transplant. All perforations were single and repaired by interrupted silk sutures. Two patients uneventfully recovered, but intestinal perforation recurred in two other patients. Simple repair was undertaken in one patient, and terminal ileum resection and ileostomy were performed in the other patient. There were no perioperative deaths.
Conclusion: The incidence of intestinal perforation after liver transplantation is low. Prompt diagnosis and treatment should be carried out to reduce comorbidities and mortality.

Keywords: liver transplant, intestinal perforation, incidence, treatment, nursing

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