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Total elbow replacement – patient selection and perspectives

Authors Pooley J

Received 22 April 2018

Accepted for publication 18 October 2018

Published 25 January 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 23—40


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Clark Hung

Video abstract presented by Joseph Pooley

Views: 1341

Joseph Pooley

Department of Orthopaedics, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Gateshead, UK

Abstract: Total joint replacements for elbow arthritis were developed in the late 1960s at the same time as total joint replacements for knee joint arthritis. Since then, there has been a continuing annual increase in the number of patients treated with total knee joint replacement for arthritis, in line with replacement arthroplasty of the other major limb joints, but in contrast to total elbow joint replacement which is falling, since reaching a peak in the 1990s. Which raises the question, why? Continuing controversy about implant design, the relatively high reported complication rates associated with total elbow replacement (TER) and the difficulties encountered in revision surgery are identified as reasons together with changes in the patient population currently treated with TER. The purpose of this review is to explore the reasons for this in the context of the patient population requiring implant surgery for elbow arthritis and our current perspective of elbow pathology requiring treatment. This is not a systematic review of the whole of the literature concerning total elbow joint replacement arthroplasty but is drawn largely from the supporting literature that reflects my own clinical experience and illustrated with teaching materials I have commissioned together with radiographs and intraoperative photographs of patients I have treated.

Keywords: elbow, arthritis, fractures, arthroscopy, arthroplasty

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