Time of maximum cycloplegia after instillation of cyclopentolate 1% in children with brown irises
Authors Laojaroenwanit S, Layanun V, Praneeprachachon P, Pukrushpan P
Received 16 December 2015
Accepted for publication 15 March 2016
Published 18 May 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 897—902
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gokcen Gökçe
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Sittikorn Laojaroenwanit, Vimontip Layanun, Pokpong Praneeprachachon, Parnchat Pukrushpan
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Purpose: We aimed to 1) determine the time of maximum cycloplegia after instillation of cyclopentolate 1% in children with brown irises, 2) evaluate the correlation between the pupillary reaction and time of maximum cycloplegia, and 3) identify any side effects of the medication.
Patients and methods: This was a prospective analytical study involving children aged 5 to 14 years who were attending refraction clinic. Cyclopentolate 1% was instilled three times at 10-minute intervals. The spherical equivalent, pupillary reaction, and pupillary diameter were recorded before the first drop and nine times after the last drop at 10-minute intervals. Side effects were assessed. Time of maximum cycloplegia was determined from the time point at which the 95% confidence interval of the differences between the mean spherical equivalent at each point and its final value at 110 minutes was reached and remained within the equivalence limit (±0.25 D).
Results: Sixty children were enrolled in this study. Their mean age was 9.8 years (range: 5–14 years). Time of maximum cycloplegia was reached at 30 minutes after the first instillation of cyclopentolate. A poor correlation was observed between the pupillary reaction and the time of maximum cycloplegia (r=−0.07). The mean pupillary diameter at 30 minutes was 3.7±1.3 mm, and further dilation occurred thereafter. No side effects were observed.
Conclusion: In most children, maximum cycloplegia was reached 30 minutes after the first instillation of cyclopentolate. The absence of a pupillary reaction should not be used as an indicator of maximum cycloplegia.
Keywords: refraction, cyclopentolate, cycloplegia, brown irises, cycloplegic refraction
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