Therapeutic strategies utilization and resource consumption in patients treated for psoriatic arthritis: findings from a real-world analysis in an Italian setting
Received 28 June 2018
Accepted for publication 21 November 2018
Published 22 January 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 187—194
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
L Degli Esposti,1 V Perrone,1 D Sangiorgi,1 D Alessandrini,1 S Buda,1 F Cantini,2 E Mazzini,3 C Toma,3 F De Solda3
1CliCon S.r.l. Health, Economics & Outcomes Research, Ravenna, Italy; 2Division of Rheumatology, Hospital of Prato, Azienda USL Toscana Centro, Prato, Italy; 3Bristol-Myers Squibb, Roma, Italy
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the therapeutic strategies and estimate the health care resource consumption in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
Patients and methods: An observational retrospective cohort analysis of administrative databases of six Italian Local Health Units was performed. Patients ≥18 years with a hospitalization discharge diagnosis of PsA (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code: 696.0) or exemption code (045.696.0) for PsA from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015 (inclusion period), with at least one prescription of any therapy used for PsA were included. The index date (ID) was the first date matching with at least one of the inclusion criteria during the inclusion period. All patients were followed up after the ID until the end of data availability. Baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (±6 months in relation to the ID) were also analyzed.
Results: A total of 2,408 (prevalence 0.83 per 1,000) patients with PsA (male 52%; median age 54 years) were included in the study; patients were already treated for PsA in 42.4% of cases. At 1 year of follow-up, 73% of the patients received one systemic drug, while 22% of patients received two systemic drugs; in addition, our results show an increase in the number of add-on or switches in a longer follow-up period. The utilization of biologic agents was higher among patients with previous PsA treatment, showing a progression of the pathology. Overall, a medium/high level of CRP at baseline was observed among more than half of the overall sample, with slight changes across subgroups in analysis. The average health care costs were €1,966.4 and €13,914 per year for patients treated with conventional systemic therapy and biological agents, respectively.
Conclusion: A better knowledge of prescription therapeutic scheme and economic burden of PsA could stimulate the rational development of health programs aimed at potentiating services for its management.
Keywords: psoriatic arthritis, drug utilization, real-world data, treatment patterns
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