The Trends of Viral Hepatitis B and C and HIV Infections in Donated Bloods in Iran Between 2003 and 2017
Received 30 August 2019
Accepted for publication 10 December 2019
Published 18 December 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 435—441
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H Bluth
Moslem Taheri Soodejani,1 Ali Akbar Haghdoost,1 Abbas Sedaghat,2 Mohammad Reza Baneshi,3 Farzaneh Zolala4
1HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 2Blood Transfusion Research Center, High Institute for Research and Education in Transfusion Medicine, Tehran, Iran; 3Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 4Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Correspondence: Farzaneh Zolala
Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman 7616913555, Iran
Tel +98 3431325700
Fax +98 3431325135
Background: The rate of viral infections in donated bloods is one of the main indicators of blood safety which has to be monitored precisely. This paper provides a thorough study of blood safety indicators in the last 15 years in Iran.
Methods: The data of the transfusion organization in Iran from years 2003 to 2017 were used. The study focuses on the analysis of the frequency of viral hepatitis B and C (HBV and HCV) as well as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in blood donations.
Results: Of 27,442,124 donated bloods, the relative frequencies were 4, 302, and 81 for HIV, HBV and HCV, respectively. This study also shows that the corresponding frequencies were significantly lower in recent years (2.5, 53, and 26 per 100,000 samples in 2017).
Conclusion: The presented study indicates an overall low infection rate and provides evidence for the effectiveness of modern safety measures in improving the level of blood safety in Iran.
Keywords: transfusion-transmitted infections, infection, blood donors
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