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The treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: an evidenced-based review

Authors Pelletier-Cameron A, Haraway

Published 17 June 2011 Volume 2011:3 Pages 109—120

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S10541

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Anne P Cameron, Allen McNeil Haraway
Department of Urology, Division of Neurourology and Pelvic Floor Reconstruction, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Objective: To review the literature on the surgical and nonsurgical treatment options for stress urinary incontinence in women, focusing exclusively on randomized clinical trials and high quality meta-analyses.
Materials and methods: A computer-aided and manual search for published randomized controlled trials and high quality meta-analyses investigating both conservative and surgical treatment options for stress urinary incontinence. In the case of a treatment that is not studied in these formats large case series have been used.
Results: Articles were reviewed and the results summarized on pelvic floor physical therapy, pharmacotherapy, bulking agents, and surgery (open and minimally invasive).
Conclusion: There are numerous high quality studies in the literature. It can be difficult to make definitive conclusions on the most appropriate treatment options due to the variability in the outcomes used to define success in these articles. There is also a dire lack of studies evaluating and comparing the surgical options for patients with intrinsic sphincter deficiency.

Keywords: stress urinary incontinence, conservative and surgical treatment

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