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The Role of Extraversion and Openness on Host Country Nationals’ Task Performance and Contextual Performance at Work

Authors Jannesari MT, Wang Z, Zheng J, Xie W, Lai Q, Wu L

Received 19 November 2020

Accepted for publication 22 January 2021

Published 18 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 169—183

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S292957

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Milad T Jannesari,1 Zhongming Wang,2 Jianzhuang Zheng,1 Wenwu Xie,1 Qin Lai,1 Lu Wu1

1School of Business, Zhejiang University City College, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Milad T Jannesari
School of Business, Zhejiang University City College, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China
Email miladjannesari@gmail.com

Purpose: This study answer calls for research on host country nationals (HCNs) by examining factors that may influence HCN task performance and contextual performance during work with their self-initiated expatriate (SIE) colleagues.
Participants and Methods: Data on personality traits (extraversion, openness), socialization self-efficacy, and frequency of interaction, task, and contextual performance were collected by surveying 373 Chinese HCNs. The first author recruited the HCNs through SIEs working and living in China. SIEs who participated in this project provided the email addresses of HCNs with whom they worked.
Results: The frequency of interactions fully mediated the relationship between (a) extraversion with task and contextual performance and (b) openness with task and contextual performance. Only socialization self-efficacy moderated the mediating effects of extraversion on task performance via the frequency of interaction; it also moderated the mediating effects of openness on contextual performance via the frequency of interactions, but not in the hypothesized direction.
Conclusion: This study investigated the neglected stakeholder in the expatriation process, namely, HCNs, and what factors may impact HCNs’ performance during work and collaboration with their SIE colleagues.

Keywords: host country nationals, expatriates, career, personality, socialization self-efficacy

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