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The risk factors and prevention of cardiovascular disease: the importance of electrocardiogram in the diagnosis and treatment of acute coronary syndrome

Authors Rosiek A, Leksowski K

Received 5 March 2016

Accepted for publication 4 June 2016

Published 8 August 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 1223—1229

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S107849

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Hoa Le

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Anna Rosiek,1 Krzysztof Leksowski1,2

1Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nicolas Copernicus University in Torun, 2Department of General Surgery, 10th Military Hospital, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Abstract: Acute coronary syndrome is a leading cause of emergency medical treatment and hospitalization in Poland. High-speed electrocardiogram (ECG) has shown good accuracy of the initial diagnosis and of the final diagnosis in treated cardiac patients. Initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis were analyzed statistically (P<0.0001). Although much is said about the prevention of sudden death in heart failure, the elimination of risk factors health care in Poland does not pay due attention to the need for early diagnosis and ECG analysis (at the stage of prevention). This article presents the inclusion of ECG in the prevention process and shows that it allows for early detection of cardiovascular diseases. In Poland, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients are identified in the ambulance that reduces time to door-to-balloon.

Keywords: electrical intervention, chest pain, health care delivery, diagnostics, signal transmission, death prevention
 

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