The relationship between self-disgust, guilt, and flow experience among Japanese undergraduates
Kazuki Hirao, Ryuji Kobayashi
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Science and Social Welfare, Kibi International University, Okayama, Japan
Purpose: To determine the relationship between self-disgust, guilt, and flow experience.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a convenience sample of 142 Kibi International University students (mean age, 20.09 ± 1.24 years; 85 males and 57 females). Each participant was evaluated using the Flow Experience Checklist, Self-Disgust Scale, and Situational Guilt Inventory. Correlation analysis was used to describe the strength and direction of the relationship between variables. We employed Pearson's partial correlations, adjusted for age and sex, using dummy variables (female = 0, male = 1).
Results: Analysis of the relationship between the frequency of flow experience and the Self-Disgust Scale scores showed a statistically significant negative correlation, whereas the duration of the activity and the Situational Guilt Inventory score showed a significant positive correlation. The quality of flow experience and the Situational Guilt Inventory score showed a significant positive correlation.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that flow experience could be helpful for those who need treatment to reduce negative emotions.
Keywords: negative emotion, mental health, positive psychology
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