The relationship between procrastination, perceived stress, saliva alpha-amylase level and parenting styles in Chinese first year medical students
Authors Khalid A, Zhang Q, Wang W, Ghaffari AS, Pan F
Received 3 March 2019
Accepted for publication 5 June 2019
Published 3 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 489—498
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman
Arslan Khalid,1 Qian Zhang,1 Wei Wang,1 Abdul Sattar Ghaffari,2 Fang Pan1
1Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Ethics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 2Zhongtai Securities Institute for Financial Studies, School of Mathematics, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China
Background: Procrastination is prevalent among students today, and this negatively impacts upon their academic achievement. The current study aimed to explore the relationship between procrastination, perceived stress, saliva alpha-amylase (sAA) levels, and the parenting styles of Chinese first year medical students (MBBS).
Methods: We recruited 140 MBBS students aged 18–22 years. Assessments included the Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students (PASS), the Chinese version of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), saliva alpha-amylase level (sAA), and the Chinese version of the Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran (EMBU) which assesses parenting style. PSS and sAA levels were assessed at week 1 (baseline), then again at week 2 and week 4.
Results: Male students reported higher levels of procrastination and perceived stress reactions than their female counterparts. Male students reported experiencing higher punishing/severe and rejecting (ie negative) parenting styles, while female students reported experiencing higher warm and affectionate (ie positive) parenting styles. Positive parenting styles were negatively associated with to procrastination and stress reactions, while negative parenting styles were positively associated with procrastination and delayed stress reactions among MBBS students.
Conclusion: Procrastination induced stress in MBBS students, providing further evidence that procrastination enhances stress in young adulthood. Negative parenting styles, such as being punishing and rejecting, had a positive correlation with procrastination.
Keywords: academic procrastination, stress, saliva alpha-amylase, parenting style, medical students
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