The outcome of pediatric patients undergoing congenital cardiac surgery under pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass in different frequencies
Authors LI G, Jiang W, Zhang Y, Zhang X, Chen J, Zhuang J, Zhou CB
Received 10 April 2018
Accepted for publication 21 June 2018
Published 3 September 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 1553—1561
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang
Guanhua Li,1,* Wen Jiang,2,* Yu Zhang,3,* Xiaohua Zhang,1 Jimei Chen,1 Jian Zhuang,1 Chengbin Zhou1
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of South China Structural Heart Disease, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pathology, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Purpose: To investigate the influence and possible pathophysiological mechanism of pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in various frequencies in pediatric patients undergoing congenital cardiac surgery.
Patients and methods: Clinical data and hemodynamic parameters were collected in 80 patients who underwent congenital cardiac surgeries and were perfused in different settings: pulsatile perfusion (PP) in frequencies of 30 beats/min, PP 60 beats/min, PP 100 beats/min and non-pulsatile perfusion (NP). Serum proteins, plasma-free hemoglobin (PFH), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) were collected to study possible pathophysiological changes, possible hematological injury and oxidative status under different perfusing conditions.
Results: Patients in all groups had similar baseline characteristics, aortic cross-clamping time and CPB duration. More effective pulse gradient (PG), energy-equivalent pressure (EEP) and surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE) were observed in pulsatility with lower frequency setting, under which more patients achieved physiologically normal mean arterial pressure (MAP), without the support of inotropic agents during bypass. Significant between-group differences of serum proteins and PFH were absent the whole time during and after bypass, while a relatively lower percentage of perioperative requirement of diuretics was observed in the low frequency pulsatile group. A better performance to oxidative stress was seen in the low frequency group with higher levels of NO and lower concentration of ET-1, and both intergroup differences were found (P<0.01). Satisfactory clinical outcome was obtained on post procedure course in all groups.
Conclusion: Pulsatile perfusion with low frequency setting in pediatric patients undergoing congenital cardiac surgery showed better hemodynamic profiles, potential protective effects on vital organs, better oxidative status and satisfactory clinical outcome.
Keywords: pulsatile perfusion, cardiopulmonary bypass, frequency, congenital cardiac surgery
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