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The nurse entrepreneur: empowerment needs, challenges, and self-care practices

Authors Vannucci MJ, Weinstein SM

Received 12 June 2017

Accepted for publication 10 August 2017

Published 22 September 2017 Volume 2017:7 Pages 57—66

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NRR.S98407

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Cindy Hudson

Video abstract presented by Marla J Vannucci.

Views: 33

Marla J Vannucci,1 Sharon M Weinstein2

1Psychology Department, Adler University, Chicago, IL, 2SMW Group, North Bethesda, MD, USA

Abstract:
The purpose of this exploratory study was to better understand the experiences and challenges of nurse entrepreneurs. Nurse entrepreneurs (N=44) reported on their transitions from employment to entrepreneurship, key motivators in the decision to start a business, and the challenges they face as entrepreneurs in the health care field. Additionally, participants completed the 33-item Mindful Self-Care Scale – Short, which measured their self-care activities and behaviors in six domains: Physical Care, Supportive Relationships, Mindful Awareness, Self-compassion/Purpose, Mindful Relaxation, and Supportive Structure. Nurse entrepreneurs reported higher rates of self-care practices than a norm community sample, and age was positively correlated with higher rates of self-care practices. Nurse entrepreneurs reported that factors related to psychological empowerment, such as meaning/purpose, having an impact, need for growth, and getting to make decisions, were more critical motivators in the decision to start a business than factors associated with structural empowerment, such as financial gain and job or organizational constraints. Some work/life balance challenges, such as juggling multiple roles in a business, balancing one’s own needs with those of others, time management, and addressing both family and business needs, were associated with fewer self-care behaviors. The biggest challenges to success that were identified, such as implementing a marketing strategy, networking, and accessing mentorship, were all related to relying on connections with others. The results of this study will benefit nurse entrepreneurs, potential nurse entrepreneurs, and others in the health care delivery system.

Keywords: career development, entrepreneurship, mindfullness, work/life balance, health care

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