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The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative Affects in the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Happiness

Authors Salavera C, Usán P, Teruel P

Received 3 December 2019

Accepted for publication 18 March 2020

Published 28 April 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 355—361

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S240917

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Carlos Salavera,1,2 Pablo Usán,1,2 Pilar Teruel1,2

1Research Group OPIICS, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; 2Faculty of Education, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Correspondence: Carlos Salavera
Faculty of Education, University of Zaragoza, c/Pedro Cerbuna, 12, Zaragoza 50009, Spain
Email salavera@unizar.es

Background: Affects, both positive and negative, can act as mediators between self-esteem and happiness. The present study is undertaken among 812 university students in order to examine the relationship between these variables.
Methods: The sample included 812 university students – 361 men (44.46%) and 451 women (55.54%) – who participated voluntarily. The Positive and Negative Affect Scale, Subjective Happiness Scale and Self-Esteem Scale were the instruments used in this study.
Results: The results revealed that men have greater self-esteem and positive affects, while women scored higher in terms of subjective happiness. The analysis revealed a significant correlation between the variables under analysis. Positive affects show a strong positive correlation between self-esteem and happiness, while negative affects show a negative correlation. Mediation analysis suggests that affects, both positive and negative, mediate the relationship between self-esteem and subjective happiness. The results of this study may present us with new perspectives concerning the role that affects play between self-esteem and happiness.
Conclusion: The data present evidence of the mediating role-played by affects, both positive and negative, in the relationship between self-esteem and happiness. More research is needed to examine to what extent these results can be extrapolated, and how to design measures to improve psychological health and well-being.

Keywords: positive affects, negative affects, self-esteem, happiness, mediation

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