The Impact of Advanced Age on Major Cardiovascular Events and Mortality in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing a Pharmaco-Invasive Strategy
Received 9 June 2019
Accepted for publication 17 March 2020
Published 21 May 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 715—722
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Izo Helber,1 Claudia Maria Rodrigues Alves,1 Stela Maris Grespan,1 Eduardo CA Veiga,2 Pedro IM Moraes,1 José Marconi Souza,1 Adriano H Barbosa,1 Iran Gonçalves Jr,1 Francisco AH Fonseca,1 Antônio Carlos C Carvalho1,†, Adriano Caixeta1,3
1Department of Medicine, Discipline of Cardiology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; 2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Department of Cardiology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil
†Dr Antonio Carlos De Camargo Carvalho passed away on January 8, 2019
Correspondence: Adriano Caixeta
Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal São Paulo, Av. Napoleão de Barros, 715, São Paulo, CEP: 04024002, Brazil
Tel +55 11- 5576-4000
Email [email protected] Twitter @adrianocaixeta
Background: There is little research in the efficacy and safety of a pharmaco-invasive strategy (PIS) in patients ≥ 75 years versus < 75 years of age. We aimed to evaluate and compare the influence of advanced age on the risk of death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients undergoing PIS.
Methods: Between January 2010 and November 2016, 14 municipal emergency rooms in São Paulo, Brazil, used full-dose tenecteplase to treat patients with STEMI as part of a pharmaco-invasive strategy for a local network implementation.
Results: A total of 1852 patients undergoing PIS were evaluated, of which 160 (9%) were ≥ 75 years of age. Compared to patients < 75 years, those ≥ 75 years were more often female, had lower body mass index, higher rates of hypertension; higher incidence of hypothyroidism, chronic renal failure, prior stroke, and diabetes. Compared to patients < 75 years of age, in-hospital MACE and mortality were higher in patients with ≥ 75 years (6.5% versus 19.4%; p< 0.001; and 4.0% versus 18.2%; p< 0.001, respectively). Patients ≥ 75 years had higher rates of in-hospital major bleeding (2.7% versus 5.6%; p=0.04) and higher incidence of cardiogenic shock (7.0% versus 19.6%; p< 0.001). By multivariable analysis, age ≥ 75 years was independent predictor of MACE (OR 3.57, 95% CI 1.72 to 7.42, p=0.001) and death (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.12– 3.82, p=0.020).
Conclusion: In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing PIS, age ≥ 75 years was an independent factor that entailed a 3.5-fold higher MACE and 2-fold higher mortality rate compared to patients < 75 years of age.
Keywords: acute myocardial infarction, elderly, fibrinolysis, primary percutaneous coronary intervention, pharmaco-invasive strategy
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]