Back to Journals » Vascular Health and Risk Management » Volume 7

The causes, consequences, and treatment of left or right heart failure

Authors Pazos-Lopez P, Peteiro-Vazquez J, Garcia-Campos A, Garcia-Bueno L, Abugattas-de-Torres JP, Castro-Beiras A

Published 4 April 2011 Volume 2011:7 Pages 237—254

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S10669

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Pablo Pazos-López, Jesús Peteiro-Vázquez, Ana Carcía-Campos, Lourdes García-Bueno, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Alfonso Castro-Beiras
Department of Cardiology, Complejo hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain

Abstract: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a cardiovascular disease of cardinal importance because of several factors: a) an increasing occurrence due to the aging of the population, primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events, and modern advances in therapy, b) a bad prognosis: around 65% of patients are dead within 5 years of diagnosis, c) a high economic cost: HF accounts for 1% to 2% of total health care expenditure. This review focuses on the main causes, consequences in terms of morbidity, mortality and costs and treatment of HF.

Keywords: heart failure, cause, consequence, treatment

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Readers of this article also read:

Endoglin: a critical mediator of cardiovascular health

Kapur NK, Morine KJ, Letarte M

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2013, 9:195-206

Published Date: 6 May 2013

Antihypertensive therapy: nocturnal dippers and nondippers. Do we treat them differently?

Mahabala C, Kamath P, Bhaskaran U, Pai ND, Pai AU

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2013, 9:125-133

Published Date: 24 March 2013

The potential benefit of stem cell therapy after stroke: an update

Banerjee S, Williamson DA, Habib N, Chataway J

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2012, 8:569-580

Published Date: 10 October 2012

Comparison of outcome in 1809 patients treated with drug-eluting stents or bare-metal stents in a real-world setting

Vogt A, Schoelmerich A, Pollner F, Schlitt M, Raaz U, Maegdefessel L, Reindl I, Buerke M, Werdan K, Schlitt A

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2011, 7:693-699

Published Date: 22 November 2011

Telmisartan and cardioprotection

Akhrass PR, McFarlane SI

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2011, 7:677-683

Published Date: 15 November 2011

Management of high-risk popliteal vascular blunt trauma: clinical experience with 62 cases

Ali Pourzand, Bassir A Fakhri, Ramin Azhough, et al

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2010, 6:613-618

Published Date: 14 July 2010

Heart rate control with adrenergic blockade: Clinical outcomes in cardiovascular medicine

David Feldman, Terry S Elton, Doron M Menachemi, et al

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2010, 6:387-397

Published Date: 24 May 2010

Low use of statins and other coronary secondary prevention therapies in primary and secondary care in India

Krishna K Sharma, Rajeev Gupta, Aachu Agrawal, et al

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2009, 5:1007-1014

Published Date: 20 November 2009