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Targeted acetylcholinesterase-responsive drug carriers with long duration of drug action and reduced hepatotoxicity

Authors Lin Y, Wang Y, Lv J, Wang N, Wang J, Li M

Received 12 May 2019

Accepted for publication 6 July 2019

Published 26 July 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 5817—5829


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Yulong Lin, Yalin Wang, Jie Lv, Nannan Wang, Jing Wang, Meng Li

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, People’s Republic of China

Purpose: Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) plays a critical role in the transmission of nerve impulse at the cholinergic synapses. Design and synthesis of AChE inhibitors that increase the cholinergic transmission by blocking the degradation of acetylcholine can serve as a strategy for the treatment of AChE-associated disease. Herein, an operational targeted drug delivery platform based on AChE-responsive system has been presented by combining the unique properties of enzyme-controlled mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) with clinical-used AChE inhibitor.
Methods: Functionalized MSNs were synthesized by liquid phase method and characterized by using different analytical methods. The biocompatibility and cytotoxicity of MSNs were determined by hemolysis experiment and MTT assay, respectively. Comparison of AChE activity between drug-loading system and inhibitor was developed with kits and by ELISA method. The efficacy of drug-loaded nanocarriers was investigated in a mouse model.
Results: Compared with AChE inhibitor itself, the inhibition efficiency of this drug delivery system was strongly dependent on the concentration of AChE. Only AChE with high concentration could cause the opening of pores in the MSN, leading to the controlled release of AChE inhibitor in disease condition. Critically, the drug delivery system can not only exhibit long duration of drug action on AChE inhibition but also reduce the hepatotoxicity in vivo.
Conclusion: In summary, AChE-responsive drug release systems have been far less explored. Our results would shed lights on the design of enzyme controlled-release multifunctional system for enzyme-associated disease treatment.

Keywords: acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, controlled drug release, mesoporous silica nanoparticles, drug action, hepatotoxicity

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