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Systematic Review of the Management of Retro-Hepatic Inferior Vena Cava Injuries

Authors Zargaran D, Zargaran A, Khan M

Received 27 January 2020

Accepted for publication 19 April 2020

Published 26 June 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 163—171


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Hans-Christoph Pape

David Zargaran,1 Alexander Zargaran,2 Mansoor Khan3

1Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK; 2Department of Medicine, King’s College London, London, UK; 3Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals, Brighton, UK

Correspondence: David Zargaran

Background: Retro-hepatic inferior vena cava (RHIVC) injuries resulting from blunt or penetrating abdominal trauma are rare but devastating events that remain a considerable challenge to even the most experienced doctors, which continue to carry a considerable mortality.
Aim: To establish a better understanding of the management of RHIVC injuries and to identify any adjuncts or operative methods that were associated with an increased survival.
Methods: A systematic review of the MEDLINE database was conducted using Medical Search Headings and exploded keywords and phrases. Studies were screened and subjected to inclusion/exclusion criteria. Data were extracted in a methodical manner collecting population demographics, morbidity, mortality and operative intervention, where provided. Operative strategies were compared and discussed.
Results: An initial search identified 483 articles. Following duplicate removal and abstract screening, 85 full-text articles were assessed with 25 meeting the desired criteria and were, therefore, included in the systematic review. Key operative strategies and complications were identified and discussed.
Conclusion: The wide variety of operative interventions in the management of RHIVC liver injuries described attest to the increased efforts to improve outcomes. The overall improvement in mortality can be noted since the earlier descriptions reported mortality approaching 100% compared to the 52% reported in this review. An algorithm has been proposed based on these findings and our experiences for the management of RHIVC injuries.

Keywords: trauma, liver, hepatic

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