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Skin diseases among elderly inhabitants of Bialystok, Poland

Authors Cybulski M, Krajewska-Kulak E

Received 27 August 2015

Accepted for publication 6 November 2015

Published 8 December 2015 Volume 2015:10 Pages 1937—1943

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S95248

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Mustafa Sitar

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker

Mateusz Cybulski, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak

Department of Integrated Medical Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland

Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the most frequent skin diseases in people over 60 years old among residents of a public nursing home and students of the University of the Third Age in Bialystok.
Subjects and methods: The study was carried out from April to June 2015 in Bialystok, in two groups: 100 residents of a public nursing home and 100 participants of the University of the Third Age, aged over 60 years, using a method of diagnostic survey with the authors’ anonymous questionnaire.
Results: A total of 30.5% of respondents (n=61) had been treated due to skin diseases, most frequently for 6–10 years (26.2%). Fungal infection, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis were the most frequent dermatological diseases among the study elderly. The sites affected most frequently with these diseases were upper and lower extremities and the face. A majority of the examined (63.9%) visited a dermatologist, but only when it was necessary.
Conclusion: Skin diseases constitute a significant health problem among seniors. The elderly should be educated about healthy lifestyle, preventing the development of fungal infections. It is necessary to encourage seniors to visit dermatologists, seeking professional advice.

Keywords: skin diseases, elderly, fungal infections, psoriasis

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