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Simple nanoliposomes encapsulating Lycium barbarum polysaccharides as adjuvants improve humoral and cellular immunity in mice

Authors Bo R, Sun Y, Zhou S, Ou N, Gu P, Liu Z, Hu Y, Liu J, Wang D

Received 12 March 2017

Accepted for publication 8 August 2017

Published 28 August 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 6289—6301

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S136820

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Dongwoo Khang


Ruonan Bo,1 Yaqin Sun,1 Shuzhen Zhou,2 Ning Ou,1 Pengfei Gu,1 Zhenguang Liu,1 Yuanliang Hu,1 Jiaguo Liu,1 Deyun Wang1

1Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 2Foshan City Nanhai Eastern Along Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, Foshan, China

Abstract: The success of subunit vaccines has been hampered by the problems of weak or short-term immunity and the lack of availability of nontoxic, potent adjuvants. It would be desirable to develop safe and efficient adjuvants with the aim of improving the cellular immune response against the target antigen. In this study, the targeting and sustained release of simple nanoliposomes containing Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) as an efficacious immune adjuvant to improve immune responses were explored. LBP liposome (LBPL) with high entrapment efficiency (86%) were obtained using a reverse-phase evaporation method and then used to encapsulate the model antigen, ovalbumin (OVA). We demonstrated that the as-synthesized liposome loaded with OVA and LBP (LBPL-OVA) was stable for 45 days and determined the encapsulation stability of OVA at 4°C and 37°C and the release profile of OVA from LBPL-OVA was investigated in pH 7.4 and pH 5.0. Further in vivo investigation showed that the antigen-specific humoral response was correlated with antigen delivery to the draining lymph nodes. The LBPL-OVA were also associated with high levels of uptake by key dendritic cells in the draining lymph nodes and they efficiently stimulated CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proliferation in vivo, further promoting antibody production. These features together elicited a significant humoral and celluar immune response, which was superior to that produced by free antigen alone.

Keywords: Lycium barbarum polysaccharide liposome, adjuvant, ovalbumin, draining lymph nodes, antigen-specific humoral response

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