Silver nanoparticles modify VEGF signaling pathway and mucus hypersecretion in allergic airway inflammation
Received 9 October 2011
Accepted for publication 11 December 2011
Published 14 March 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 1329—1343
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 4
Sunhyae Jang1,*, Ji Won Park2,*, Hye Rim Cha1, Sun Young Jung1, Jeong Eun Lee1, Sung Soo Jung1, Ju Ock Kim1, Sun Young Kim1, Choong Sik Lee3, Hee Sun Park1
1Division of Pulmonology, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Medical School, Daejeon, 2Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Daejeon St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon, 3Department of Pathology, Chungnam National University Medical School, Daejeon, South Korea
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Abstract: The anti-inflammatory action of silver nanoparticles (NPs) has been reported in a murine model of asthma in a previous study. But more specific mechanisms of silver NPs in an attenuation of allergic airway inflammation have not yet been established. Vascular and mucous changes are believed to contribute largely in pathophysiology in asthma. Among various factors related to vascular changes, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role in vascular changes in asthma. Mucin proteins MUC5AC and MUC5B have been implicated as markers of goblet cell metaplasia in lung pathologies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of silver NPs on VEGF signaling pathways and mucus hypersecretion. Ovalbumin (OVA)-inhaled female BALBc mice were used to evaluate the role of silver NPs and the related molecular mechanisms in allergic airway disease. In this study, with an OVA-induced murine model of allergic airway disease, it was found that the increased levels of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, VEGF, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and phosphorylated-Akt levels, and mucous glycoprotein expression (Muc5ac) in lung tissues were substantially decreased by the administration of silver NPs. In summary, silver NPs substantially suppressed mucus hypersecretion and PI3K/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling pathway in an allergic airway inflammation.
Keywords: allergic airway disease, hypoxia inducible factor-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor
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