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Silent information regulator T1 in aqueous humor of patients with cataract

Authors Kondo A, Goto M, Mimura T, Matsubara M

Received 10 November 2015

Accepted for publication 16 December 2015

Published 15 February 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 307—312

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S100213

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gokcen Gökçe

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Aki Kondo,1 Mari Goto,2 Tatsuya Mimura,1 Masao Matsubara1

1Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women’s Medical University Medical Center East, 2Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center, Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

Purpose: Silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1), a member of the sirtuin family, has a preventive role in various ocular diseases. We evaluated the relations between the aqueous humor level of SIRT1 and age, sex, systemic diseases, the severity of lens opacity, and other factors.
Setting: This study was conducted at a university teaching hospital in Tokyo, Japan.
Design: This study was designed based on the consecutive case series.
Methods: Aqueous humor samples were obtained from 29 eyes of the 21 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for age-related cataract (ARC). SIRT1 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results: Aqueous humor levels of SIRT1 showed a positive correlation with visual acuity (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) and with the severity of nuclear cataract (r=0.32 and 0.30, respectively, P<0.05). However, only visual acuity was correlated with SIRT1 according to the stepwise multiple regression analysis (P<0.05).
Conclusion: These findings suggest that SIRT1 may have an effect on the formation of ARC, acting as a defensive factor against ARC.

Keywords: SIRT1, sirtuin, cataract surgery, oxidative stress, resveratrol, ocular aging

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