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Short communication: carboxylate functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) for the reduction of S. aureus growth post biofilm formation

Authors Leuba K, Durmus N, Taylor E, Webster T

Received 18 September 2012

Accepted for publication 1 November 2012

Published 20 February 2013 Volume 2013:8(1) Pages 731—736

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S38256

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Kohana D Leuba, Naside Gozde Durmus, Erik N Taylor, Thomas J Webster

The Nanomedicine Laboratory, School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA

Abstract: Biofilms formed by antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) continue to be a problem for medical devices. Antibiotic resistant bacteria (such as S. aureus) often complicate the treatment and healing of the patient, yet, medical devices are needed to heal such patients. Therefore, methods to treat these biofilms once formed on medical devices are badly needed. Due to their small size and magnetic properties, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) may be one possible material to penetrate biofilms and kill or slow the growth of bacteria. In this study, SPION were functionalized with amine, carboxylate, and isocyanate functional groups to further improve their efficacy to disrupt the growth of S. aureus biofilms. Without the use of antibiotics, results showed that SPION functionalized with carboxylate groups (followed by isocyanate then amine functional groups then unfunctionalized SPION) significantly disrupted biofilms and retarded the growth of S. aureus compared to untreated biofilms (by over 35% after 24 hours).

Keywords:
antibacterial, medical device infection, nanoparticle, iron oxide, biofilm, S. aureus

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