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Serum Expression of Seven MicroRNAs in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients

Authors Farzadfard E, Kalantari T, Tamaddon G

Received 12 September 2019

Accepted for publication 4 February 2020

Published 12 March 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 97—102


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H. Bluth

Ehsan Farzadfard,1 Tahereh Kalantari,2 Gholamhossein Tamaddon3,4

1School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 2Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 3Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 4Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence: Gholamhossein Tamaddon Building 99, Narvan Street, Shiraz 74616-86688, Tel +98 71 3227  2315
Fax +98 71 3227-0238

Purpose: MicroRNAs are small single-strand noncoding RNAs that can be deregulated in a variety of cancers. Over the past few years, multiple markers have been discovered in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Among these, miRNAs seem to have important roles in the pathogenesis of CLL. The development and validation of miRNA-expression patterns as biomarkers should have a significant impact in cancer diagnosis, therapeutic success, and increasing the life expectancy of patients. In this study, to specify the utility of circulatory miRNA expression as noninvasive and useful biomarkers for CLL, we analyzed the dysregulation of seven miRNAs: miR30d, miR25-3p, miR19a-3p, miR133b, miR451a, miR145, and miR144 in CLL-patient sera.
Methods: Thirty untreated patients with flow-cytometry confirmation of CLL were chosen. Serum samples were collected from 30 newly diagnosed CLL patients. Fifteen healthy samples were taken for comparison as controls. RNA was extracted using Trizol. RNA from CLL patient specimens was compared to controls with real-time PCR.
Results: Seven miRNAs were differently expressed between CLL and normal specimens using the comparative 2−ΔΔCt method. miRNAs  133b, 25-3p, 451a, 145, 19a-3p, and 144 were overexpressed in sera obtained from CLL patients, and miRNA-30d was underexpressed in patient samples. Among these seven miRNAs, miR19a-3p and miR25-3p showed the most deregulation in CLL patients.
Conclusion: Real-time PCR is an applied means to perform high-throughput investigation of serum-RNA samples. We assessed the expression of seven miRNAs in CLL patients by this method. The results demonstrated that the use of miRNA-expression profiling may have an impressive role in the diagnosis of CLL. In addition, miRNA  19a-3p and 25-3p are known oncogenes with therapeutic and potential biomarkers.

Keywords: chronic lymphocytic leukemia, circulatory microRNAs, noncoding RNA, real-time PCR

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