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Self-nanoemulsifying drug-delivery systems for potentiated anti-inflammatory activity of diacerein

Authors Eltobshi AA, Mohamed EA, Abdelghani GM, Nouh AT

Received 1 July 2018

Accepted for publication 18 August 2018

Published 18 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 6585—6602

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S178819

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster


Amal Ahmed Eltobshi,1 Elham Abdelmonem Mohamed,2 Galal Mahmoud Abdelghani,2 Ahmed Talaat Nouh3

1Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Horus University, New Damietta 34517, Egypt; 2Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt; 3Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasa 11152, Egypt

Background: Effective treatment of osteoarthritis necessitates both symptomatic relief and hindrance of joint degeneration progression. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs permit symptomatic relief only and can cause mucosal injury in the gut. Before absorption, diacerein (Dcn) is converted into rhein that counteracts cartilage degeneration without affecting prostaglandin production. Yet, low solubility and laxative action of unabsorbed rhein in the colon hindered its use. Thus, enhanced Dcn dissolution would allow absorption at the upper gut improving its bioavailability and possibly abolishing the laxative action.
Methods: Therefore, self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDSs) with each of gelucire 44/14 (Glc) and d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) at different drug:carrier weight ratios of 1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:6, 1:8 and 1:10 were prepared by melt method and filled into hard gelatin capsules. The optimized binary systems were selected based on solid state characterization, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and in vitro evaluation of the prepared SNEDDSs in comparison with their corresponding physical mixtures (PMs) and Dcn. The optimized systems were further examined with respect to their morphology, size distribution and ζ-potential. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory activity of the optimized systems against carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats was assessed through estimation of edema and edema inhibition percentages as well as histopathological examination and immunohistochemical localization of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and caspase-3.
Results: Significantly (P<0.05) enhanced in vitro drug release was recorded for SNEDDSs with either carrier when compared to Dcn and the corresponding PMs. SNEDDSs based on 1:10 Dcn:Glc and 1:8 Dcn:TPGS showed significantly (P<0.05) reduced edema and inflammation as well as expression of TNF-α and caspase-3 relative to positive control and Dcn pretreated groups.
Conclusion: These SNEDDSs can be represented as potential oral drug delivery systems of Dcn for enhanced dissolution and anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced paw edema.

Keywords: diacerein, gelucire 44/14, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1,000 succinate, self-nanoemulsifying drug-delivery systems, anti-inflammatory activity, paw edema
 

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