Satisfaction and health-related quality of life in women with heavy menstrual bleeding; results from a non-interventional trial of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system or conventional medical therapy
Ling Xu,1 Byung Seok Lee,2 Shaheena Asif,3 Peter Kraemer,4 Pirjo Inki5
1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea; 3Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Surgimed Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan; 4Global Medical Affairs Excellence and Operations, 5Global Medical Affairs Women's Healthcare, Bayer HealthCare, Berlin, Germany
Purpose: To evaluate the patient satisfaction and health related quality of life (HRQoL) for levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) versus conventional medical treatments ([CMTs] combined oral contraceptives, oral progestins, and antifibrinolytics, alone or in combination) in Asian women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB).
Patients and methods: A total of 647 patients diagnosed with HMB were recruited to this non-interventional study from the eight participating countries in Asia. Patient satisfaction was recorded at the last visit (at 12 months or premature discontinuation). At each visit (at 3, 6, and 12 months), patients completed the menorrhagia multi-attribute scale (MMAS) to assess HRQoL.
Results: A total of 83.5% of patients on the LNG-IUS were “very satisfied” or at least “satisfied” with the therapeutic effect of HMB treatment, compared with 59.2% of patients with CMTs (P<0.05). The mean (± standard deviation) MMAS score increased from 41.4±24.5 to 87.7±21.4 in the LNG-IUS arm, and from 44.1±24.9 to 73.1±25.3 in the CMTs arm. This increase was significantly higher in patients on the LNG-IUS, as compared with those on CMTs (P<0.05). The improvement in HRQoL in both treatment groups correlated with the body mass index of the patient, with larger improvement obtained in women with a higher body mass index.
Conclusion: The majority of women using the LNG-IUS or CMTs for HMB were satisfied with their treatment, and both treatment modalities were associated with significant improvements in HRQoL over time. The improvement was greater with the LNG-IUS, compared with CMTs.
Keywords: HRQoL, MMAS, menorrhagia, tranexamic acid, dysfunctional uterine bleeding
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