Safety and neutralizing rabies antibody in healthy subjects given a single dose of rabies immune globulin caprylate/chromatography purified
Received 24 February 2018
Accepted for publication 16 April 2018
Published 26 June 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 79—88
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Arthur Frankel
Kim Hanna, Maria Cristina Cruz, Elsa Mondou, Edward Corsi, Peter Vandeberg
Grifols Bioscience Research Group, Grifols Inc, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Background: Rabies immune globulin (RIG) and vaccination series are necessary for postexposure prophylaxis. A new formulation of RIG (human) purified by caprylate/chromatography (RIG-C) was evaluated.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02139657.
Materials and methods: This open-label, single-arm study in healthy subjects evaluated neutralizing rabies antibody concentrations produced from a single 20 IU/kg intramuscular (IM) dose of RIG-C as measured by rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (50% neutralization endpoint) 1-hour postdose and on days 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 14, 18, and 21.
Results: Twelve subjects were enrolled into the study. No discontinuations, serious adverse events (AEs), or treatment-emergent clinically significant changes in laboratory parameters were observed. All AEs resolved and were mild except 1 moderate AE of oropharyngeal pain. Injection site pain (4 subjects) was most commonly reported. RIG-C produced a rapid increase in neutralizing rabies antibody: mean value 0.113 IU/mL at 24 hours after IM injection, peak on day 4 (0.132 IU/mL), persisting through day 21 (0.116 IU/mL). The mean reciprocal titer was 11.5 by day 2; the peak value of 12.1 was achieved on day 4; and a mean value ≥10.6 was maintained through day 21.
Conclusion: RIG-C was well tolerated and provided neutralizing rabies antibodies, which combined with vaccine series after rabies exposure, should result in effective prophylaxis per World Health Organization/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.
Keywords: rabies, rabies immune globulin, RIG-C, prophylaxis, rabies neutralizing antibody titers, GTI1301
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