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Safety and effectiveness of controlled-release paroxetine in routine clinical practice: results of a postmarketing surveillance study of patients with depression

Authors Kato M, Kimura T, Kimura T, Hara T

Received 14 November 2014

Accepted for publication 6 January 2015

Published 20 February 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 435—452

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S77542

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Wai Kwong Tang


Masaki Kato,1 Toshifumi Kimura,2 Takeshi Kimura,3 Terufumi Hara3

1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi-shi, Osaka, Japan; 2Medical Affairs, 3Clinical Safety and PMS, Development and Medical Affairs Division, GlaxoSmithKline K.K., Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Objective: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are commonly used in the pharmacotherapy of depression. However, adverse events can lead to their early discontinuation. This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of paroxetine controlled-release (CR) tablets in Japanese patients with depression/depressive state (hereafter referred to as depression) in routine clinical practice in Japan.
Patients and methods: This was an open-label, noninterventional, prospective, postmarketing surveillance study. A total of 3,213 patients aged 12–92 years with depression were prescribed paroxetine CR for 8 weeks at the physician’s discretion. Safety was evaluated on the basis of the reporting of adverse drug reactions. Effectiveness was evaluated on the basis of the physician’s assessment using the Clinical Global Impression-Global Improvement (CGI-GI) and the Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness (CGI-SI) scales, as well as on the basis of the patients’ self-reported satisfaction. The primary effectiveness outcome was the improvement rate based on the physician’s assessment using the CGI-GI.
Results: The incidence of adverse drug reactions was 11.2% (359/3,213; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.1%–12.3%). The common adverse drug reactions that accounted for 1.0% or more of the incidence were nausea (3.5%) and somnolence (2.7%). The proportion of patients who continued paroxetine CR at week 8 was 80.2% (2,577/3,213; 95% CI: 78.8%–81.6%). The improvement rate at week 8 (last observation carried forward) was 72.8% (2,132/2,927; 95% CI: 71.2%–74.4%). The proportion of patients with CGI-SI scores of moderately or severely ill decreased from 63.6% at baseline to 17.9% at week 8. The proportion of patients who were satisfied with paroxetine CR treatment was 69.8% (2,040/2,921; 95% CI: 68.1%–71.5%).
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that paroxetine CR is a well-tolerated and efficacious treatment for depression in routine clinical practice.

Keywords: paroxetine, controlled-release, postmarketing surveillance, depression

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