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Role of Au(NPs) in the enhanced response of Au(NPs)-decorated MWCNT electrochemical biosensor

Authors Mehmood S, Ciancio R, Carlino E, Bhatti AS

Received 27 October 2017

Accepted for publication 28 December 2017

Published 17 April 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 2093—2106


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Shahid Mehmood,1 Regina Ciancio,2 Elvio Carlino,2,3 Arshad S Bhatti1

1Department of Physics, Center for Micro and Nano Devices, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan; 2CNR-IOM TASC, Trieste, Italy; 3CNR-IMM, Campus Universitario, Via per Monteroni, Lecce, Italy

Background: The combination of Au-metallic-NPs and CNTs are a new class of hybrid nanomaterials for the development of electrochemical biosensor. Concentration of Au(nanoparticles [NPs]) in the electrochemical biosensor is crucial for the efficient charge transfer between the Au-NPs-MWCNTs modified electrode and electrolytic solution.
Methods: In this work, the charge transfer kinetics in the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with Au(NPs)–multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) nanohybrid with varied concentrations of Au(NPs) in the range 40–100 nM was studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy confirmed the attachment of Au(NPs) on the surface of MWCNTs.
Results: The cyclic voltammetry and EIS results showed that the charge transfer mechanism was diffusion controlled and the rate of charge transfer was dependent on the concentration of Au(NPs) in the nanohybrid. The formation of spherical diffusion zone, which was dependent on the concentration of Au(NPs) in nanohybrids, was attributed to result in 3 times the increase in the charge transfer rate ks, 5 times increase in mass transfer, and 5% (9%) increase in Ipa (Ipc) observed in cyclic voltammetry in 80 nM Au(NP) nanohybrid-modified GCE from MWCNT-modified GCE. The work was extended to probe the effect of charge transfer rates at various concentrations of Au(NPs) in the nanohybrid-modified electrodes in the presence of Escherichia coli. The cyclic voltammetry results clearly showed the best results for 80 nM Au(NPs) in nanohybrid electrode.
The present study suggested that the formation of spherical diffusion zone in nanohybrid-modified electrodes is critical for the enhanced electrochemical biosensing applications.

Keywords: multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Au nanoparticle–MWCNT nanohybrids, cyclic voltammetery, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

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