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Role of androgens in cardiovascular pathology

Authors Chistiakov DA, Myasoedova VA, Melnichenko AA, Grechko AV, Orekhov AN

Received 6 May 2018

Accepted for publication 9 July 2018

Published 15 October 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 283—290


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Pietro Scicchitano

Dimitry A Chistiakov,1 Veronika A Myasoedova,2 Alexandra A Melnichenko,2 Andrey V Grechko,3 Alexander N Orekhov2,4

1Department of Neurochemistry, Division of Basic and Applied Neurobiology, Serbsky Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology, Moscow, Russia; 2Laboratory of Angiopathology, Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russia; 3Federal Scientific Clinical Center for Resuscitation and Rehabilitation, Moscow, Russia; 4Institute for Atherosclerosis Research, Skolkovo Innovative Center, Moscow, Russia

Abstract: Cardiovascular effects of android hormones in normal and pathological conditions can lead to either positive or negative effects. The reason for this variation is unknown, but may be influenced by gender-specific effects of androids, heterogeneity of the vascular endothelium, differential expression of the androgen receptor in endothelial cells (ECs) and route of androgen administration. Generally, androgenic hormones are beneficial for ECs because these hormones induce nitric oxide production, proliferation, motility, and growth of ECs and inhibit inflammatory activation and induction of procoagulant, and adhesive properties in ECs. This indeed prevents endothelial dysfunction, an essential initial step in the development of vascular pathologies, including atherosclerosis. However, androgens can also activate endothelial production of some vasoconstrictors, which can have detrimental effects on the vascular endothelium. Androgens also activate proliferation, migration, and recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), thereby contributing to vascular repair and restoration of the endothelial layer. In this paper, we consider effects of androgen hormones on EC and EPC function in physiological and pathological conditions.

Keywords: cardiovascular disorders, atherosclerosis, androgens, testosterone therapy, risk factors

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