Risk of Essure microinsert abdominal migration: case report and review of literature
Authors Ricci G, Restaino S, Di Lorenzo G, Fanfani F, Scrimin F, Mangino F
Received 6 April 2014
Accepted for publication 8 May 2014
Published 17 November 2014 Volume 2014:10 Pages 963—968
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Giuseppe Ricci,1,2 Stefano Restaino,2 Giovanni Di Lorenzo,1 Francesco Fanfani,1 Federica Scrimin,1 Francesco P Mangino1
1Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste, Italy; 2Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
Purpose: To report a case of Essure microinsert abdominal migration and literature review.
Methods: A 41-year-old woman was counseled to undergo Essure sterilization. The procedure was hampered by the presence of endometrial cavity adhesions, obscuring left tubal ostium. By using microscissors the adhesions were progressively lysed. Since the procedure had become very painful, the patient required general anesthesia. Once adhesion lysis was completed, the tubal ostium was well visible. Both devices were then easily introduced into the fallopian tubes. At the end of the procedure, five coils were visible on the right side and five coils on the left side, as recommended.
Results: The 3-month hysterosalpingogram follow-up suspected abdominal migration of the left device. Laparoscopy confirmed the device displacement in the left lower abdominal quadrant. Both fallopian tubes and the uterus appeared normal. No signs of perforation were detected. The device was embedded into the omentum, but it was easily removed. Bilateral tubal sterilization was performed by bipolar coagulation.
Conclusion: There are only 13 cases, including the present, of Essure abdominal migration in the literature. In most cases, abdominal displacement of the microinsert is asymptomatic and does not induce tissue damage. However, in some cases, it may cause a severe adverse event, requiring major surgery. Therefore, removal of the migrated device should be performed as soon as possible. Moreover, during presterilization counseling, the patient should also be correctly informed about the risk of this rare but relevant complication, as well as about the surgical interventions that could be required to solve it.
Keywords: abdominal migration, Essure, hysteroscopic sterilization, hysteroscopy, tubal sterilization
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