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Right- and left-sided stage III colon cancers present different prognostic outcomes of oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection

Authors Peng J, Li C, Wang F, Zhang H, Xiao W, Li H, Lu Z, Pan Z, Wu X, Zhang R

Received 23 January 2018

Accepted for publication 19 April 2018

Published 17 July 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 2095—2103

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S163520

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Harikrishna Nakshatri


Jianhong Peng,1,* Cong Li,1,* Fulong Wang,1 Huizhong Zhang,2 Weiwei Xiao,3 Hui Li,4 Zhenhai Lu,1 Zhizhong Pan,1 Xiaojun Wu,1 Rongxin Zhang1

1Department of Colorectal Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pathology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Gynecological Oncology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Growing evidence has suggested that right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC) should be considered as different tumor entities. However, stage III colon cancer is currently treated as the same entity with uniform therapy. This study was aimed at investigating the prognostic influence of tumor location in patients with stage III colon cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection.
Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 274 eligible patients with stage III colon cancer undergoing curative tumor resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine between December 2007 and December 2013. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using Kaplan–Meier and log-rank tests, and prognostic factors were identified by Cox regression methods.
Results: Patients with RCC exhibited lower hemoglobin levels (23.6% vs. 9.8%; P = 0.002), larger tumor size (60.6% vs. 40.9%; P = 0.001), and a higher proportion of 12 or more resected lymph nodes (86.4% vs. 64.6%; P < 0.001) than patients with LCC. Grade 1 neurotoxicity was more common in patients with RCC than in those with LCC (53.6% vs. 40.9%; P = 0.037). RCC was significantly associated with a shorter 3-year OS than LCC, whereas a difference was noted only for stage IIIC and not stage IIIA or stage IIIB colon cancer. Multivariate analyses revealed that RCC was independently associated with a worse 3-year OS (hazard ratio: 2.213; 95% CI: 1.063–4.606; P = 0.002). In addition, an increase in 3-year OS and DFS after 6–8 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy was only observed in patients with RCC and not in those with LCC.
Conclusion: This study indicated that RCC has a worse prognostic outcome for stage III colon cancer, and a full course of adjuvant chemotherapy should be suggested for patients with RCC.

Keywords: left-sided colon cancer, right-sided colon cancer, stage III, adjuvant chemotherapy, outcome, colon cancer, location, resection, prognosis

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