Retinopathy of prematurity: preferred practice patterns among pediatric ophthalmologists
Received 4 January 2018
Accepted for publication 24 March 2018
Published 28 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1003—1009
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Samiksha Fouzdar Jain,1 Helen H Song,2 Shaza N Al-Holou,2 Linda A Morgan,1 Donny W Suh1,2
1Ophthalmology Department, Children’s Hospital and Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 2Truhlsen Eye Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
Purpose: The treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is not standardized and can vary significantly between providers. This study aims to determine preferred practices in treating ROP by globally surveying pediatric ophthalmologists.
Methods: Between January and February 2017, an international pediatric ophthalmology interest group was invited to complete an anonymous survey of 18 questions. The main objectives were to determine the preferred first line of treatment for ROP, the preferred dosage of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) used, and the outcome and possible complications following bevacizumab injection.
Results: Out of 101 pediatric ophthalmologists, 72 (71.8%) stated that they had direct involvement in the treatment of ROP. When presented with type 1 ROP which requires treatment, 69 ophthalmologists (68.3%) stated that they prefer laser treatment over bevacizumab, and 33 ophthalmologists (32.7%) stated they would recommend bevacizumab as a first choice. Ninety-three ophthalmologists (92.1%) reported the success of 1 laser treatment between 75% and 100%, and 35 ophthalmologists (34.7%) perceive bevacizumab to be 75%–100% successful. Half dose of adult-prescribed bevacizumab at 0.625 mg/0.05 mL was preferred by 47 of the ophthalmologists (46.5%). No cases of endophthalmitis were reported with intravitreal injection.
Conclusion: Laser photoablation remains the preferred mode of treatment for ROP among surveyed ophthalmologists across the world. Though bevacizumab is currently being used, this form of treatment is not as common, primarily due to the unknown safety profile and potential long-term ramifications of the drug.
Keywords: retinopathy of prematurity, intravitreal bevacizumab, neonatal intensive care unit, laser photoablation
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