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Resolution of persistent corneal erosion after administration of topical rebamipide

Authors Kashima T, Akiyama H, Miura, Kishi S

Received 18 June 2012

Accepted for publication 31 July 2012

Published 29 August 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 1403—1406


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Tomoyuki Kashima,1,2 Hideo Akiyama,1 Fumihide Miura,2 Shoji Kishi1

Department of Ophthalmology, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Saku Central Hospital, Saku, Japan

Abstract: Rebamipide is an antiulcer agent used to treat gastric ulcer and gastritis. Biological effects of rebamipide include cytoprotection, wound healing, and anti-inflammatory properties that are known to be universal for a variety of tissues in addition to gastrointestinal mucosa. The therapeutic effects of rebamipide eye drops are due to its ability to increase corneal and conjunctival mucin-like substances and improve corneal and conjunctival injury in vivo. In this paper, we report a case of Sjögren's syndrome with complete disappearance of corneal erosion after administration of rebamipide eye drops. This was observed even though corneal erosion had not improved for 6 months after punctal occlusion surgery. The patient was a 33-year-old female, diagnosed with Sjögren's syndrome by a salivary gland biopsy. The corneal and conjunctival surfaces were filled with dense erosions, which did not improve with topical drugs. Punctal plugs were applied several times; however, the plugs were repeatedly shed. All four puncta of both eyelids were surgically occluded, and both corneal and conjunctival erosion was clearly improved. However, the erosion in the inferior cornea of both eyes had not improved for 6 months after surgery. We used the newly approved topical rebamipide for treatment of this patient. The corneal erosion gradually improved and completely disappeared 4 weeks after administration of the drug. Dry eye sensation disappeared at the same time. Both membrane-associated mucin and secreted mucin in the ocular surface are thought to be essential for maintenance of the tear film. Induction of mucin from ocular surface epithelium could be an effective treatment in cases of dry eye caused by mucin deficiency. Through its various mechanisms, rebamipide improves ocular surface conditions. To our knowledge, this is the first clinical case report using rebamipide ophthalmic solution. This drug may provide a novel approach to treat drying diseases of the eye.

Keywords: Sjögren's syndrome, dry eye, corneal erosion, rebamipide, Mucosta, mucin

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