Relationship between platelet count and hemodialysis membranes
Received 9 April 2013
Accepted for publication 15 May 2013
Published 14 August 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 143—147
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Rabih Nasr,1 Chadi Saifan,1 Iskandar Barakat,2 Yorg Al Azzi,2 Ali Naboush,2 Marc Saad,2 Suzanne El Sayegh1
1Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA
Background: One factor associated with poor outcomes in hemodialysis patients is exposure to a foreign membrane. Older membranes are very bioincompatible and increase complement activation, cause leukocytosis by activating circulating factors, which sequesters leukocytes in the lungs, and activates platelets. Recently, newer membranes have been developed that were designed to be more biocompatible. We tested if the different “optiflux” hemodialysis membranes had different effects on platelet levels.
Methods: Ninety-nine maintenance hemodialysis patients with no known systemic or hematologic diseases affecting their platelets had blood drawn immediately prior to, 90 minutes into, and immediately following their first hemodialysis session of the week. All patients were dialyzed using a Fresenius Medical Care Optiflux polysulfone membrane F160, F180, or F200 (polysulfone synthetic dialyzer membranes, 1.6 m2, 1.8 m2, and 2.0 m2 surface area, respectively, electron beam sterilized). Platelet counts were measured from each sample by analysis using a CBC analyzer.
Results: The average age of the patients was 62.7 years; 36 were female and 63 were male. The mean platelet count pre, mid, and post dialysis was 193 (standard deviation ±74.86), 191 (standard deviation ±74.67), and 197 (standard deviation ±79.34) thousand/mm3, respectively, with no statistical differences.
Conclusion: Newer membranes have no significant effect on platelet count. This suggests that they are, in fact, more biocompatible than their predecessors and may explain their association with increased survival.
Keywords: platelet count, polysulfone membranes, complement activation, electron beam sterilized, cellulosic membranes, bioincompatible events
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