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Relationship between oral hygiene and fungal growth in patients: users of an acrylic denture without signs of inflammatory process

Authors Gacon I, Loster JE, Wieczorek A

Received 7 November 2018

Accepted for publication 1 March 2019

Published 17 July 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1297—1302

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S193685

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Izabela Gacon, Jolanta E Loster, Aneta Wieczorek

Department of Dental Prosthetics, Institute of Dentistry at Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

Objectives: To answer to the following questions: is there any relationship between oral hygiene and the growth of yeast in patients without mucosal inflammation; and is there a need for mycological examination patients without mucosal inflammation?
Background: Patients with candidiasis may report varied symptoms, but such infections are most often asymptomatic. In addition to its high incidence in denture users (60%–100%), there is a concern that Candida species from the oral cavity may colonize the upper gastrointestinal tract and lead to septicemia, which has a 40%–79% mortality rate and can require a prolonged hospital stay. It is thus important for all physicians to be aware of the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of oral candidiasis in older patients.
Methods: A retrospective study was carried out on a group of patients who had undergone mycological examination and assessment of the intensity of yeast growth, and oral hygiene.
Results: Ninety-one denture wearers who lacked signs of clinical inflammation were included in the study. The growth of Candida albicans was as follows: 14 patients had up to 20 colonies; 19 patients had over 20 colonies. Ten percent of patients with good oral hygiene proved to have more than 20 yeast colonies. 5% of patients with bad oral hygiene had more than 20 colonies.
Conclusions: There was no relationship found between hygiene and the growth rate of fungal microorganisms. In patients without clinical symptoms of stomatitis, mycological examination should be considered.

Keywords: removable dentures, stomatitis, hygiene, Candida albicans

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