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Refractive Outcomes After Trabecular Micro-Bypass Stents (iStent Inject) with Cataract Extraction in Open-Angle Glaucoma

Authors Ioannidis AS, Töteberg-Harms M, Hamann T, Hodge C

Received 18 November 2019

Accepted for publication 30 January 2020

Published 21 February 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 517—524


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Alexandros S Ioannidis, 1, 2 Marc Töteberg-Harms, 3 Timothy Hamann, 3 Christopher Hodge 1, 4, 5

1Vision Eye Institute Blackburn South, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 2Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 4Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 5Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Correspondence: Alexandros S Ioannidis
Vision Eye Institute Blackburn South, 156 Canterbury Road, Blackburn South, VIC 3130, Australia
Tel +61 3 9877 6288
Fax +61 3 9894 2691

Purpose: Simultaneous cataract and glaucoma surgery has traditionally been challenging for the anterior segment surgeon. The introduction of minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) in conjunction with cataract surgery appears safe and effective in lowering intraocular pressure. Although a significant visual impact leading from the combined procedure is unexpected, we aim to describe the refractive outcomes in a cohort of patients undergoing simultaneous cataract removal and iStent inject and discuss the potential implications of combined surgery in patients with co-existent glaucoma.
Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective consecutive case series inclusive of patients undergoing combined femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and the insertion of two trabecular micro-bypass stents (iStent inject). Visual acuity, refraction and astigmatic vector analysis were collated and analysed from the preoperative and 4 weeks postoperative visits.
Results: One hundred and six eyes of 89 patients from 2 surgeons were included in the original cohort. The mean absolute difference from target refraction was 0.36 ± 0.25D. 73.9% of eyes were within ± 0.5D of the refractive target and 98.9% of eyes were within ± 1.00D. 73.8% of eyes had 0.5D or less residual refractive astigmatism following the procedure.
Conclusion: We present a novel cohort of glaucoma patients undergoing combined trabecular micro-bypass stents (iStent inject) and cataract surgery achieving excellent refractive outcomes. The results of this study indicate that this second-generation device is refractively neutral.

Keywords: glaucoma, cataract surgery, trabecular micro-bypass stents, astigmatism, intraocular lenses

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