Reduced Prescription of Baloxavir After Suspected Prevalence of a Baloxavir-Resistant Influenza Virus Strain and the Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 in a Tertiary Hospital in Japan
Authors Kamioka Y, Kashiwagura S, Seki M
Received 24 June 2020
Accepted for publication 29 July 2020
Published 21 August 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 131—134
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Arthur Frankel
Yasuhiro Kamioka,1,2 Shota Kashiwagura,1,2 Masafumi Seki1
1Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan; 2Division of Pharmacy, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University Hospital, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan
Correspondence: Masafumi Seki
Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 1-15-1 Fukumuro, Miyagino-Ku, Sendai City, Miyagi 983-8612, Japan
Objective: The use of baloxavir, a new anti-influenza agent, began in Japan from the 2018 to 2019 season and became the focus of attention due to its efficient viral reduction ability; therefore, we should know the prescription changes of anti-influenza agents.
Methods: We analyzed the changes in the prescription of anti-influenza agents between the 2018– 19 season and the 2019– 20 season in our hospital.
Results: The share of baloxavir was 15%, while the shares of oseltamivir and laninamivir were 42% and 31%, respectively in the 2018– 2019 season. However, in the 2019– 20 season, the share of baloxavir and laninamivir was reduced to 3% and 17%, respectively, in contrast to an increase in the share of oseltamivir (66%). The total prescription of anti-influenza agents for patients decreased in the 2019– 20 season (205 patients), compared with the 2018– 19 season (509 patients).
Conclusion: These results suggest significant changes such as a reduction in the prescription of anti-influenza agents, especially baloxavir, likely due to the suspected prevalence of a baloxavir-resistant strain of influenza virus and the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 in Japan.
Keywords: anti-influenza agents, oseltamivir, laninamivir, zanamivir, peramivir, novel coronavirus-2019, COVID-19
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]