Recent advances in ceramic implants as drug delivery systems for biomedical applications
Montserrat Colilla, Miguel Manzano, María Vallet-Regí
Departamento de Química Inorgánica y Bioinorgánica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red, Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Spain
Abstract: Research in the development of new bioceramics with local drug delivery capability for bone regeneration technologies is receiving great interest by the scientific biomedical community. Among bioceramics, silica-based ordered mesoporous materials are excellent candidates as bone implants due to two main reasons: first, the bioactive behavior of such materials in contact with simulated body fluids, ie, a carbonate hydroxyapatite similar to the mineral phase of bone is formed onto the materials surfaces. Second, their capability of acting as delivery systems of a large variety of biologically active molecules, including drugs to treat bone infection, inflammation or diseases, and molecules that promote bone tissue regeneration, such as peptides, proteins, growth factors, and other osteogenic agents. The recent chemical and technological advances in the nanometer scale has allowed the design of mesoporous silicas with tailored structural and textural properties aimed at achieving a better control over molecule loading and release kinetics. Moreover organic modification of mesoporous silica walls has been revealed as a key strategy to modulate molecule adsorption and delivery rates.
Keywords: silica-based ordered mesoporous materials, controlled delivery systems, bone tissue regeneration
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