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Rapid detection of different human anti-HCV immunoglobulins on electrical biochips

Authors Blohm L, Püttmann C, Holz S, Piechotta G, Albers J, Dammers C, Kleines M, Krüttgen A, Melmer G, Nähring J, Barth S, Nebling E

Received 2 January 2014

Accepted for publication 18 March 2014

Published 26 June 2014 Volume 2014:4 Pages 23—32


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Lars Blohm,1,2,§ Christiane Püttmann,3,§ Simone Holz,1 Gundula Piechotta,1,2 Jörg Albers,1,2 Christina Dammers,4–6 Michael Kleines,7,8 Alexander Krüttgen,8,9 Georg Melmer,2,10 Jörg Nähring,2,5 Stefan Barth,3,5,§ Eric Nebling1,2,§

1Department of Biotechnical Microsystems, Fraunhofer Institute for Silicon Technology, Itzehoe, Germany; 2POCDIA GmbH, Itzehoe, Germany; 3Department of Experimental Medicine and Immunotherapy, Institute for Applied Medical Engineering, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Germany; 4Institute of Biology VII, Molecular Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany; 5Department of Pharmaceutical Product Development, Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, Aachen, Germany; 6Institute of Complex Systems (ICS-6), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany; 7Department of Hygiene, Microbiology, Social Medicine, Division of Virology, Medical University IBK, Innsbruck, Austria; 8Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum Dr Stein und Kollegen, Mönchengladbach, Germany; 9Department of Medical Microbiology, Division of Virology, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Germany; 10Pharmedartis GmbH, Aachen, Germany

§These authors contributed equally

Abstract: The detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the blood of patients is currently based on immunological assays (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and recombinant immunoblot assay) that use different HCV epitopes to detect anti-HCV antibodies, and these tests usually require laboratories and trained personnel. The ELISA-based systems are also time consuming. Portable diagnostic devices offering rapid test results would therefore be advantageous in the field of medical care. To facilitate the fast and reliable diagnosis of HCV, we used a miniaturized automated system based on a cartridge with an integrated electrical biochip for the decentralized detection of anti-HCV antibodies against the Core, NS3, and NS4A proteins. This system allows the detection of virus-specific antibodies in 2 µL of serum or whole blood within 15 minutes using an ELISA directly on a gold electrode array containing HCV proteins as the capture antigen. The sensitivity of this system is comparable with standard microtiter plate ELISAs, but the duration of the novel assay is 5%–6% that of standard ELISAs.

Keywords: ELISA, point-of-care, cartridge, lab-on-chip

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