Back to Journals » Journal of Pain Research » Volume 12

Racial differences in experimental pain sensitivity and conditioned pain modulation: a study of Chinese and Indians

Authors Ng TS

Received 12 December 2018

Accepted for publication 29 May 2019

Published 17 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 2193—2200

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S197803

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael A Überall


Tze Siong Ng

Department of Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy Section, National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore

Background: Substantial literature has demonstrated racial differences in pain perception and endogenous pain modulation is proposed to be a mechanism for the racial differences. Although Indians in Singapore reported higher pain severity than Chinese, the only study on racial difference in experimental pain response in Singapore did not find any difference between the two racial groups.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate pain sensitivity and conditioned pain modulation in Chinese and Indians in Singapore.
Patients and methods: Sixty age-and sex-matched (30 Chinese 50% female, 30 Indian, 50% female) healthy adults participated in this study. Pressure pain threshold, thermal pain threshold and cold pain tolerance were measured. Conditioned pain modulation, general self-efficacy and depression were also tested, in an attempt to assess endogenous pain inhibition and psychological presentation between the two groups.
Results: No difference in pain thresholds was found between the two groups. Indians demonstrated less cold pain tolerance and less efficacious conditioned pain modulation than Chinese. Conditioned pain modulation was a mediator between race and cold pain tolerance.
Conclusion: These findings of racial disparities in pain tolerance and endogenous pain inhibition could possibly contribute to the higher pain severity in Indians.

Keywords: pain tolerance, race, general self-efficacy
 

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]