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Protein nanocoatings on synthetic polymeric nanofibrous membranes designed as carriers for skin cells

Authors Bacakova M, Pajorova J, Stranska D, Hadraba D, Lopot F, Riedel T, Brynda E, Zaloudkova M, Bacakova L

Received 2 September 2016

Accepted for publication 16 December 2016

Published 9 February 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1143—1160


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Marketa Bacakova,1,2 Julia Pajorova,1,2 Denisa Stranska,3 Daniel Hadraba,1,4 Frantisek Lopot,4 Tomas Riedel,5 Eduard Brynda,5 Margit Zaloudkova,6 Lucie Bacakova1

1Department of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, 2Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, 3InStar Technologies, Liberec, 4Department of Anatomy and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, 5Department of Chemistry and Physics of Surfaces and Biointerfaces, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, 6Department of Composites and Carbon Materials, Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic

Abstract: Protein-coated resorbable synthetic polymeric nanofibrous membranes are promising for the fabrication of advanced skin substitutes. We fabricated electrospun polylactic acid and poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) nanofibrous membranes and coated them with fibrin or collagen I. Fibronectin was attached to a fibrin or collagen nanocoating, in order further to enhance the cell adhesion and spreading. Fibrin regularly formed a coating around individual nanofibers in the membranes, and also formed a thin noncontinuous nanofibrous mesh on top of the membranes. Collagen also coated most of the fibers of the membrane and randomly created a soft gel on the membrane surface. Fibronectin predominantly adsorbed onto a thin fibrin mesh or a collagen gel, and formed a thin nanofibrous structure. Fibrin nanocoating greatly improved the attachment, spreading, and proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts, whereas collagen nanocoating had a positive influence on the behavior of human HaCaT keratinocytes. In addition, fibrin stimulated the fibroblasts to synthesize fibronectin and to deposit it as an extracellular matrix. Fibrin coating also showed a tendency to improve the ultimate tensile strength of the nanofibrous membranes. Fibronectin attached to fibrin or to a collagen coating further enhanced the adhesion, spreading, and proliferation of both cell types.

Keywords: skin-tissue engineering, nanocoating, nanofibers, skin cells, fibrin, collagen

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