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Prevalence of Subclinical Keratoconus Among Pediatric Egyptian Population with Astigmatism

Authors Sidky MK, Hassanein DH, Eissa SA, Salah YM, Lotfy NM

Received 10 January 2020

Accepted for publication 27 February 2020

Published 23 March 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 905—913

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S245492

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Mohamed Karim Sidky, Dina Hosameldin Hassanein, Sherif A Eissa, Yehia M Salah, Nancy M Lotfy

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence: Mohamed Karim Sidky
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Al-Saray Street, El Manial, Cairo 11956, Egypt
Tel +201 222262629
Email mksidky@gmail.com

Purpose: To report the prevalence of subclinical keratoconus (KC), and KC suspects, in pediatric Egyptian population with astigmatic error ≥ 2 diopters (D), with the use of CSO Sirius tomographer.
Methods: A cross-sectional study that included all the children aged 6– 18 years with an astigmatic error of ≥ 2 D who attended the pediatric ophthalmology clinic for routine checkups during the period between March 2017 and December 2017 was done. All subjects underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examination, and corneal imaging using CSO Sirius instrument, a pentacam with Scheimpflug technology.
Results: There were 547 subjects enrolled in our study. Mean age was 11.34 ± 3.03 (range 6– 18) years. There were 278 subjects (50.8%) between 6 and 12 years, and 269 subjects (49.2%) between 12 and 18 years. Males represented 48.4% and females represented 51.6% of patients. Among all the subjects, there were 26 (4.8%) KC patients, 24 (4.4%) KC suspects, and 497 (90.9%) were normal.
Conclusion: Prevalence of subclinical KC among pediatric age group with astigmatism is relatively high, hence the importance of corneal tomography screening of children with astigmatic error ≥ 2 D.

Keywords: pediatric keratoconus, subclinical keratoconus, astigmatism, Scheimpflug, Sirius, Egypt

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