Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hyperuricemia in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver
Authors Golmohammadi S, Tavasoli M, Asadi N
Received 31 March 2020
Accepted for publication 27 July 2020
Published 20 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 299—304
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Andreas M. Kaiser
Sima Golmohammadi,1,2 Marjan Tavasoli,1 Nadia Asadi1,2
1Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Correspondence: Nadia Asadi Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Background/Aims: The number of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. Epidemiological studies have shown the role of hyperuricemia in the development of NAFLD and CKD through oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hyperuricemia in patients with CKD and NAFLD in Iran.
Patients and Methods: This study was conducted in 450 CKD patients. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography. According to the serum uric acid level, all CKD+ NAFLD+ patients were divided into non-hyperuricemia and hyperuricemia groups. The patients’ demographic and clinical data such as age, sex, abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, CRP, hepatic steatosis, blood pressure, serum uric acid (UA), lipid and creatinine were collected for analysis.
Results: A total of 279 cases (62%) were diagnosed with NAFLD. The prevalence rate of NFALD in CKD patients was significantly lower in normal UA level than hyperuricemia (42.7% vs 57.3%) (P=0.039). The prevalence of hyperuricemia was about 57.3% in patients with CKD and NAFLD. Accordingly, 279 CKD patients with NAFLD were enrolled and divided into hyperuricemia (n =160) and non-hyperuricemia groups (n =119). Patients with hyperuricemia showed higher creatinine and lipid levels, and a lower GFR compared to patients with normal uric acid levels (P< 0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in age, sex, abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, CRP, and steatosis between hyperuricemia and non-hyperuricemia groups (P> 0.05). Three factors, including type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and a low GFR, serve as independent risk factors for hyperuricemia (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed a high prevalence of hyperuricemia in patients with CKD and NAFLD. A more comprehensive strategic management is necessary to address the potential harmful effects of hyperuricemia on the health of CKD+ NAFLD+ cases.
Keywords: hyperuricemia, serum uric acid, chronic kidney disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Iran
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