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Prevalence and correlates of past 12-month suicide attempt among in-school adolescents in Guatemala

Authors Pengpid S, Peltzer K

Received 17 April 2019

Accepted for publication 10 June 2019

Published 9 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 523—529


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman

Supa Pengpid1,2 Karl Peltzer2

1ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, Thailand; 2Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor, Research and Innovation, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa

Background: The aim of this investigation was to estimate the prevalence of past 12-month suicide attempts and associated factors among in-school adolescents in Guatemala.
Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2014 “Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS)” included 4,274 students (median age 14 years, interquartile range=2 years) that were representative of all middle school students in Guatemala.
Results: The prevalence of past 12-month suicide attempt was 16.6%, 12.2% among boys and 20.2% among girls. Among students with a suicide attempt in the past year, 52.8% had a suicide plan in the past year. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, male sex and loneliness were associated with past 12-month suicide attempt, and among boys, none of the variables, and among girls, loneliness and current alcohol use were associated with past 12-month suicide attempt.
Conclusion: A high prevalence and several specific factors associated with suicide attempt were identified which can help in guiding preventive strategies.

Keywords: suicidal attempt, demographic factors, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, Guatemala

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