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Prescriber utilization of dalfampridine extended release tablets in multiple sclerosis: a retrospective pharmacy and medical claims analysis

Authors Jara M, Sidovar MF, Henney III HR

Received 15 October 2014

Accepted for publication 21 November 2014

Published 16 December 2014 Volume 2015:11 Pages 1—7

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S75837

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Michele Jara,1 Matthew F Sidovar,2 Herbert R Henney III2

1
Drug Safety and Risk Management, 2Clinical Development and Medical Affairs, Acorda Therapeutics, Inc, Ardsley, NY, USA

Purpose: This study aimed to characterize the prescribing of dalfampridine extended release (D-ER) 10 mg tablet treatment in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using Medco pharmacy and medical claims. Medical claims were used to identify MS patients with more than one prescription for D-ER with 1 year of prior continuous enrollment (n=704). These patients were matched 2:1 on age, sex, and health insurance source with a comparison group of MS patients who were treatment naïve for D-ER (n=1,403). Categorical data were analyzed by Χ2 test; ordinal data by Wilcoxon rank sum test; and continuous data by Student’s t-test.
Results: Most patients were women aged 45–64 years. In the year preceding D-ER initiation, the prevalence of seizure and renal impairment was numerically lower in the D-ER cohort relative to those who were D-ER naïve (seizure: 3.1% versus 4.7%, respectively; renal impairment: 4.3% versus 5.1%, respectively); however, prescriptions for antiepileptic drugs in the two cohorts were comparable. In the year preceding treatment initiation, 62% of the D-ER cohort was prescribed MS-specific disease-modifying therapies relative to 45% who were D-ER naïve.
Conclusion: Seizure and renal impairment rates among D-ER-naïve patients were consistent with published literature, yet rates among those prescribed D-ER during the year preceding treatment initiation were slightly lower than rates among D-ER-naïve patients. Given that D-ER is contraindicated in patients with history of seizure or moderate or severe renal impairment, lower rates may indicate that risk-minimization strategies contributed to the lower prevalence.

Keywords: disease-modifying therapy, database, seizures, renal impairment, pharma­coepidemiology

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