Preferences for cervical cancer screening service attributes in rural China: a discrete choice experiment
Received 17 January 2019
Accepted for publication 27 March 2019
Published 30 May 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 881—889
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Shunping Li,1,2 Shimeng Liu,1,2 Julie Ratcliffe,3 Alastair Gray,4 Gang Chen5
1School of Health Care Management, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, People’s Republic of China; 2NHC Laboratory of Health Economics and Policy Research (Shandong University), Jinan, 250012, People’s Republic of China; 3Health Economics Group, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia 5042, Australia; 4Health Economics Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 5Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia 5042, Australia
Objectives: Compared with other cancers, screening for cervical cancer is highly cost-effective. However, due to limited awareness about cervical cancer and many other factors, women’s attendance rate in rural China for cervical cancer screening remains low. This study aimed to determine women’s preferences for cervical cancer screening, to help enhance screening uptake.
Methods: A discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted among a population-based random sample of 420 women (30–65 years old) in August 2015. Attributes included the percentage of cervical cancer-related death reduction, screening interval, screening location, screening pain, waiting time for screening results and out-of-pocket costs. Mixed logit models were used to analyze the relative importance of each screening attribute.
Results: When considering a screening program, the screening cost, location and the percentage of cervical cancer-related death reduction were of most concern to women. Among the presented attributes, the pain associated with the process of screening was of the least concern.
Conclusions: All six attributes in our study were found to have a large influence on the preference for cervical cancer screening, and significant preference heterogeneity existed among participants. The findings indicate that the maintenance of a free screening program is essential to increasing screening uptake in this vulnerable population.
Keywords: discrete choice experiment, cervical cancer, screening, preference, China
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