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Potential diagnostic applications of biosensors: current and future directions

Authors Shiping Song, Hui Xu, Chunhai Fan

Published 15 January 2007 Volume 2006:1(4) Pages 433—440

Shiping Song1, Hui Xu2, Chunhai Fan1

1Shanghai institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China; 2Department of Chemistry, Yantai Normal University, Shandong 264025, China

Abstract: This review describes recent advances in biosensors of potential clinical applications. Biosensors are becoming increasingly important and practical tools in pathogen detection, molecular diagnostics, environmental monitoring, food safety control as well as in homeland defense. Electrochemical biosensors are particularly promising toward these goals arising due to several combined advantages including low-cost, operation convenience, and miniaturized devices. We review the clinical applications of electrochemical biosensors based on a few selected examples, including enzyme-based biosensors, immunological biosensors and DNA biosensors.

Keywords: biosensors, electrochemical biosensors, enzyme-based biosensors, immunological biosensors, DNA biosensors