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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: A Narrative Review

Authors Saei Ghare Naz M, Ramezani Tehrani F, Behroozi-Lak T, Mohammadzadeh F, Kholosi Badr F, Ozgoli G

Received 13 February 2020

Accepted for publication 14 April 2020

Published 7 May 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 179—185

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S249611

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jan Colli


Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz,1 Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani,2 Tahereh Behroozi-Lak,3 Farnaz Mohammadzadeh,4 Farhnaz Kholosi Badr,4 Giti Ozgoli5

1Student Research Committee, Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Infertility, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran; 4Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence: Giti Ozgoli
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Tel/Fax +98 21 88202512
Email gozgoli@gmail.com

Abstract: Pelvic floor dysfunction is one of the most common disorders in women that is associated with social and economic consequences. In general, this disorder imposes direct and indirect costs on the economy of various societies. This review aimed to investigate pelvic floor dysfunction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this narrative review, the published articles on pelvic floor dysfunction were examined in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Sciences and Google Scholar. We searched for terms related to polycystic ovary syndrome and pelvic floor dysfunction. Inclusion criteria of this research were observational, experimental, and review studies. In this investigation, the complications associated with polycystic ovary syndrome were examined as risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction. In this narrative review, we discuss about changes in hormone levels, obesity and overweight, hormonal medications and complications such as diabetes and metabolic disorders and obstetric complications of PCOS can be involved in the pathophysiology of pelvic floor dysfunctions, including stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in women with PCOS. This review highlights knowledge gaps about protective effect of hyperandrogenism on pelvic floor dysfunction as well as destructive effect of metabolic changes on pelvic floor dysfunction in women with PCOS. Further cohort and prospective studies are recommended in women with PCOS to investigate the concept of pelvic organ dysfunction in these women.

Keywords: pelvic floor, muscles, urinary stress incontinence, polycystic ovary syndrome

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