Pilot Testing Of A Brief Pre-Consultation Screener For Improving The Identification And Discussion Of Medication Adherence In Routine Consultations
Received 20 June 2019
Accepted for publication 3 October 2019
Published 5 November 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1895—1898
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
John Weinman,1 Imran Ali,1 Anna Hodgkinson,2 Martha Canfield,3 Christina Jackson1
1Medicines Use Group, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kings College London, London SE1 9NH, UK; 2NHS Lambeth Diabetes Team, Crown Dale Medical Centre, London SE19 3NY, UK; 3Health Psychology Section, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Kings College London, London SE1 9RT, UK
Correspondence: John Weinman
School of Cancer & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kings College London, 5th Floor Franklin Wilkins Building, Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK
Tel +44 207 848 4839
Objective: One of the challenges in being able to identify and manage medication adherence problems in routine practice is that patients are often reluctant to “admit to” non-adherence, particularly when asked in a direct way. The study reported in this paper has been designed as part of an attempt to address this problem by examining the value of a new brief medicines use screener in helping patients to identify and discuss adherence issues in a clinical setting.
Methods: 145 Patients with type 2 diabetes completed the new screener (MMWFU) together with an adherence self-report scale (MMAS4) and medication beliefs questionnaire (BMQ). Correlations between the scales were assessed together with an assessment of the sensitivity and specificity of the new screener.
Results: 126 (88%) of the sample identified at least one medicines-related issue on the MMWFU, which showed strong correlations with the MMAS4 and BMQ Concerns scales, as well as good sensitivity and specificity against the MMAS4.
Conclusion: The results indicate that the new screener can serve as a fairly sensitive indicator of non-adherence and its determinants. Future studies will be needed to establish how well it performs in other clinical settings.
Keywords: medication adherence, brief screener, medication beliefs, adherence assessment
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