Physical function assessment of older adults with lower body fractures at 3 months post-discharge from hospital
Received 4 October 2018
Accepted for publication 6 December 2018
Published 29 January 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 201—210
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh
Nurul ‘Izzah Ibrahim,1 Mohd Sharkawi Ahmad,1 Mohamed S Zulfarina,1 Sharifah Nurul Aqilah Sayed Mohd Zaris,2 Zainal Abidin Nor Azlin,3 Isa Naina Mohamed,1 Norazlina Mohamed,1 Sabarul Afian Mokhtar,2 Ahmad Nazrun Shuid1
1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 3Department of Orthopedics & Traumatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Background and purpose: Physical function assessment can be performed to assess functional mobility among older adults, especially after a traumatic incident such as lower body fracture (LBF). The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function of older patients with LBF after 3 months of discharge from the hospital.
Patients and methods: A total of 89 patients were followed up at the discharge phase. Four independent variables were tested: age, sex, type of fracture, and use of a walking aid before fracture. Mobility and strength were assessed with the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and handgrip strength (HGS) test, respectively.
Results: The majority of the patients were ≥65 years old (64%), female (61.8%), of Chinese ethnicity (50.6%), and had a hip fracture (51.7%). The mean time for TUG test was 26.11 seconds, while mean HGS was 19.02 kg. We found significant differences in TUG test scores with respect to all independent variables tested: age (P=0.026), sex (P=0.011), fracture type (P<0.001), and use of a walking aid before fracture (P=0.004). Significant differences were also detected in HGS test scores with respect to all independent variables tested: age (P<0.001), sex (P<0.001), fracture type (P<0.001), and use of a walking aid before fracture (P=0.035).
Conclusion: Increasing age, female sex, having a hip fracture, and use of a walking aid before fracture predicted reduction in the physical function and strength among older adults with LBF.
Keywords: lower body fracture, Timed Up and Go test, handgrip strength test, rehabilitation
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